How common is cervical cancer under 30?

At what age is a woman most likely to get cervical cancer? 

The age varies, with the peak for cancer in situ being between 30 and 40 and for invasive cancer between 40 and 50. However, cervical cancer may occur at any age. About 15 percent is seen before the age of 30. Statistics indicate that there is an increasing number of patients diagnosed at the age of 20 years or below. Women who have had first intercourse at an early age and women who have multiple sex partners are at higher risk for cervical cancer.

Besides the Pap test, how else can cervical cancer be detected? 

There are usually no visible symptoms or signs in the early stages of cancer of the cervix. As the cancer grows, there may be unusual bleeding or discharge. You may have a longer menstrual period than usual, a heavier flow, bleeding between periods or after intercourse, or bleeding after menopause. The bleeding is usually described as bright red and unpredictable as to time, amount, or duration. Although these symptoms may not be cancer they should be checked by a doctor.

Is the papilloma virus linked to cervical cancer? 

There is suspicion of a connection. Scientists are finding some strong evidence linking viruses in the papilloma family to cancers of the cervix and vulva. The National Cancer Institute has set up a special laboratory to study the links between some of the viruses and cancer. If the evidence continues in the same trend, efforts will be made to develop a vaccine for the future.

Isn't the cervix part of the uterus? 

It is. The cervix is the lower part or neck of the uterus. It protrudes into the vagina and is the segment of the uterus which can be seen by the doctor during a pelvic examination. Cancer of the neck of the uterus or cervix and cancer of the body of the uterus (endometrium) present two very different sorts of problems, so it is important for you to ask the doctor exactly where the problem lies.


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