What is a radical neck dissection? when is it done?

What is a radical neck dissection? The surgeon removes a block of tissue from the collarbone to the jaw and from the front to the back of the neck. The large muscle on the side of the neck that is used for rotating, flexing or extending the neck is also taken out, along with the major vein on the side of the neck. Sometimes, a less drastic operation, called a supraomohyoid neck dissection is done. This takes out only the lymph nodes, the tissue surrounding the nodes and a muscle at the front of the neck. Another technique, called a functional neck dissection, saves the muscles of the neck, taking out only the lymph nodes and tissues surrounding them.
What kind of incision is made with a radical neck dissection? The incision depends upon what the surgery is for. It can run from below the ear to the collarbone. Everything in the front of the neck on one side or on both sides may be removed. This may include the lymph nodes, blood vessels, nerves, and the salivary gland under the jawbone.

What makes urine taste sweet? Why does my pee taste sweet?

What makes the urine sweet? 

When blood sugar goes too far above normal, some of the sugar spills over into the urine so the body can get rid of it. (That's why you sometimes hear diabetics say, "I'm spilling sugar," or just, "I'm spilling.") The point at which this happens is called the renal threshold. Normally sugar spills between blood sugar levels of 150-180, but it can vary from person to person and even from time to time in the same person. And the older you get the higher your renal threshold goes. You may not spill sugar into your urine until your blood sugar is well over 200. (For example, June starts spilling at about 220.) The opposite is true of children. They often have lower-than-normal renal thresholds.


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