What is a radical neck dissection? when is it done?

What is a radical neck dissection? The surgeon removes a block of tissue from the collarbone to the jaw and from the front to the back of the neck. The large muscle on the side of the neck that is used for rotating, flexing or extending the neck is also taken out, along with the major vein on the side of the neck. Sometimes, a less drastic operation, called a supraomohyoid neck dissection is done. This takes out only the lymph nodes, the tissue surrounding the nodes and a muscle at the front of the neck. Another technique, called a functional neck dissection, saves the muscles of the neck, taking out only the lymph nodes and tissues surrounding them.
What kind of incision is made with a radical neck dissection? The incision depends upon what the surgery is for. It can run from below the ear to the collarbone. Everything in the front of the neck on one side or on both sides may be removed. This may include the lymph nodes, blood vessels, nerves, and the salivary gland under the jawbone.

What is the cause of sebaceous cysts?

Sebaceous Cysts

These are solid collections of skin oil that form round, pea-sized lumps that can be wiggled about under the skin. They are especially common in the scalp and groin area, in the armpit and on the chest wall. They can occur singly or severally, even in clusters, and can become infected.

Why do I keep on getting them? 

Some people have the kind of skin whose oil gland ducts plug up. The fluid that can't get out changes in character and forms sebaceous cysts.

How can I prevent new ones from appearing? 

You can't.

What should I do about it? 

If it doesn't bother you, it can be left alone.

It spoils my appearance. Can you take it out without leaving a scar? 

The physician is often able to remove the cyst completely through a very small puncture incision. When the cyst is very large, a correspondingly longer incision may be required.

What do you mean, it is injected and you can't remove it now? 

When these cysts become infected, either they become inflamed and tender and stick to the skin or they start to drain. They should not be removed at this time for fear of spreading the infection. It is best to allow them to subside with the aid of hot soaks or just to let the pus out now and remove the cyst lining later to prevent recurrence.

Cysts sebaceous | Symptoms | Causes | Treatment

I have so many in my scalp that it's become painful to run a comb through my hair. What do I do? 

They_ all can be removed at a single sitting, providing you accept the plan that a dime-sized area of hair has to be shaved around each cyst. One can't take many of them out properly without this shaving. You won't be bald, just "moth-eaten" in a few areas until the hair regrows. You can comb your hair differently or wear a hat or kerchief to cover the area if this embarrasses you.

I have these cysts in my earlobe. Can they become cancerous? Do they interfere with my hearing? Should I wear earrings? 

The answer to each of these questions is no.


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