What is a radical neck dissection? when is it done?

What is a radical neck dissection? The surgeon removes a block of tissue from the collarbone to the jaw and from the front to the back of the neck. The large muscle on the side of the neck that is used for rotating, flexing or extending the neck is also taken out, along with the major vein on the side of the neck. Sometimes, a less drastic operation, called a supraomohyoid neck dissection is done. This takes out only the lymph nodes, the tissue surrounding the nodes and a muscle at the front of the neck. Another technique, called a functional neck dissection, saves the muscles of the neck, taking out only the lymph nodes and tissues surrounding them.
What kind of incision is made with a radical neck dissection? The incision depends upon what the surgery is for. It can run from below the ear to the collarbone. Everything in the front of the neck on one side or on both sides may be removed. This may include the lymph nodes, blood vessels, nerves, and the salivary gland under the jawbone.

What is the best food for diabetic patient?

What about best foods for diabetics?

If you mean granola, home-baked bread, yogurt, soybeans, sunflower seeds, wheat germ, alfalfa sprouts, and all that, great! The more different foods you eat, the better. Just make certain that you know the calorie, protein, fat, and carbohydrate content (or exchange equivalent) of whatever you eat and limit your portions so that you stay within your diet.

June adores many health foods but finds she has to select them carefully, because many of these foods are laced with concentrated sweets honey, coconut, dried fruits, brown sugar and many of them are overpotent in fat, and calories. For instance, one-half cup of sunflower seeds is 280 calories and 26 grams of fat.

Most health breads are also heavier than ordinary bread. One slice will often equal almost two bread exchanges instead of one. You can check this out by weighing a slice. Bread is usually 50 percent carbohydrate, so a slice weighing sixty grams contains thirty grams of carbohydrate, or two bread exchanges.

A couple of words of warning about buying health foods. They tend to be terribly overpriced, and sometimes, rumor has it, those costly, organically grown fruits and vegetables aren't grown in any special way at all.


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