What is a radical neck dissection? when is it done?

What is a radical neck dissection? The surgeon removes a block of tissue from the collarbone to the jaw and from the front to the back of the neck. The large muscle on the side of the neck that is used for rotating, flexing or extending the neck is also taken out, along with the major vein on the side of the neck. Sometimes, a less drastic operation, called a supraomohyoid neck dissection is done. This takes out only the lymph nodes, the tissue surrounding the nodes and a muscle at the front of the neck. Another technique, called a functional neck dissection, saves the muscles of the neck, taking out only the lymph nodes and tissues surrounding them.
What kind of incision is made with a radical neck dissection? The incision depends upon what the surgery is for. It can run from below the ear to the collarbone. Everything in the front of the neck on one side or on both sides may be removed. This may include the lymph nodes, blood vessels, nerves, and the salivary gland under the jawbone.

What are negative effects of statins?

What are some of the adverse effects of statins? 

Below are the most common possible side effects found in advertisements for various statins. This list is not complete. As with any drug, be sure to ask your physician about side effects before taking statins, read the material that comes with the prescription, and discuss immediately any side effects that occur while you are taking them. On the bright side, these side effects usually affect only 2 to 4 percent of people taking statins.

Some common adverse effects of statins are 

• muscle tenderness or weakness
• unexplained muscle aches
• allergic reactions
• liver function abnormalities
• insomnia
• skin rash and itching
• headache
• indigestion
• loss of appetite (anorexia)

There are other possible side effects, but their occurrence is extremely rare.


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