What is a radical neck dissection? when is it done?

What is a radical neck dissection? The surgeon removes a block of tissue from the collarbone to the jaw and from the front to the back of the neck. The large muscle on the side of the neck that is used for rotating, flexing or extending the neck is also taken out, along with the major vein on the side of the neck. Sometimes, a less drastic operation, called a supraomohyoid neck dissection is done. This takes out only the lymph nodes, the tissue surrounding the nodes and a muscle at the front of the neck. Another technique, called a functional neck dissection, saves the muscles of the neck, taking out only the lymph nodes and tissues surrounding them.
What kind of incision is made with a radical neck dissection? The incision depends upon what the surgery is for. It can run from below the ear to the collarbone. Everything in the front of the neck on one side or on both sides may be removed. This may include the lymph nodes, blood vessels, nerves, and the salivary gland under the jawbone.

Should I consider having plastic surgery to make my breasts larger or smaller or equal?

In the realities of the bedroom or nursery the size of the breast is only rarely a consideration in sexual attractiveness or nursing function. It is frequently a matter of the changing mode of the era or of ethnic background. The flat, ironing-board style of the current fashion model now competes with her better endowed predecessor on an equal plane. It is the performance, not the size, that counts.
Without wanting to offend the plastic surgeon, many physicians believe that augmentation (making little ones big) is rarely indicated. You have to delve deep into your psyche to discover the real reason why you would even consider this. Reduction (making big ones little) mammoplasty is occasionally suggested for the truly heavy breast. Each of these operations leaves scars, so it is hard to conceal the intimate fact that the operation has been done. When a plastic falsie is inserted, the internal prosthesis remains relatively fixed in all positions. Even though the scar may be concealed in the armpit, the astute companion soon notes the lack of normal contour changes and the game is up. With present methods of brassiere padding and molding to fashion, you achieve the desired result so much more easily, and you can vary it from season to season as the mode dictates.


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