What is a radical neck dissection? when is it done?

What is a radical neck dissection? The surgeon removes a block of tissue from the collarbone to the jaw and from the front to the back of the neck. The large muscle on the side of the neck that is used for rotating, flexing or extending the neck is also taken out, along with the major vein on the side of the neck. Sometimes, a less drastic operation, called a supraomohyoid neck dissection is done. This takes out only the lymph nodes, the tissue surrounding the nodes and a muscle at the front of the neck. Another technique, called a functional neck dissection, saves the muscles of the neck, taking out only the lymph nodes and tissues surrounding them.
What kind of incision is made with a radical neck dissection? The incision depends upon what the surgery is for. It can run from below the ear to the collarbone. Everything in the front of the neck on one side or on both sides may be removed. This may include the lymph nodes, blood vessels, nerves, and the salivary gland under the jawbone.

Is it ok to drink coffee with diabetes?

Are coffee and tea bad for a diabetic?

Probably. Many recent studies show that drinks containing caffeine accelerate the aging process and cause headaches, heart trouble, and genetic damage. It stands to reason that any chemical that does all of that is not going to help diabetes. But what makes it a specific diabetes negative is its tendency to raise the blood sugar.

Caffeine is not just found in coffee (150 milligrams per cup) and tea (50 milligrams per cup) but in cola drinks (45 milligrams per can), cocoa (15 milligrams per cup), and even in most headache tablets (35 milligrams).

In that peculiar way the government has of legislating the use of harmful substances (ketchup is required to have sugar in it), cola cannot legally be called cola if it doesn't contain caffeine!

Besides the problems associated with caffeine, coffee has a few distinctive problems, the most disturbing of which was revealed in a Harvard University study which implicates coffee in cancer of our beloved problem child organ, the pancreas. If you are a devoted coffee drinker, it would seem good sense to cut back and or switch to decaffeinated, which contains only five milligrams of caffeine per cup.

Certain conditions like high blood pressure, indigestion, and insomnia would make total elimination of caffeine advisable if not imperative.


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