What is a radical neck dissection? when is it done?

What is a radical neck dissection? The surgeon removes a block of tissue from the collarbone to the jaw and from the front to the back of the neck. The large muscle on the side of the neck that is used for rotating, flexing or extending the neck is also taken out, along with the major vein on the side of the neck. Sometimes, a less drastic operation, called a supraomohyoid neck dissection is done. This takes out only the lymph nodes, the tissue surrounding the nodes and a muscle at the front of the neck. Another technique, called a functional neck dissection, saves the muscles of the neck, taking out only the lymph nodes and tissues surrounding them.
What kind of incision is made with a radical neck dissection? The incision depends upon what the surgery is for. It can run from below the ear to the collarbone. Everything in the front of the neck on one side or on both sides may be removed. This may include the lymph nodes, blood vessels, nerves, and the salivary gland under the jawbone.

How to get my cholesterol down fast?

How do I lower my cholesterol level? 

When the control mechanism for cholesterol production in the liver is not able to reduce your blood cholesterol on its own (either because it is malfunctioning or because it has been overwhelmed by too much dietary cholesterol and saturated fat), you must be extra cautious about the foods you eat. Take care to reduce your intake of saturated fats (present mostly in animal fat) since they tend to raise blood cholesterol levels. Smoking, physical inactivity, and stress have also been linked to higher cholesterol levels.

Many drugs that lower cholesterol are effective because they block cholesterol’s production by the liver. On the other hand, as you might imagine, since cholesterol is an essential compound for the synthesis of other vital biochemical molecules, these cholesterol-lowering drugs may have some adverse effects in some sensitive people.


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