What is a radical neck dissection? when is it done?

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What is a radical neck dissection? The surgeon removes a block of tissue from the collarbone to the jaw and from the front to the back of the neck. The large muscle on the side of the neck that is used for rotating, flexing or extending the neck is also taken out, along with the major vein on the side of the neck. Sometimes, a less drastic operation, called a supraomohyoid neck dissection is done. This takes out only the lymph nodes, the tissue surrounding the nodes and a muscle at the front of the neck. Another technique, called a functional neck dissection, saves the muscles of the neck, taking out only the lymph nodes and tissues surrounding them.
What kind of incision is made with a radical neck dissection? The incision depends upon what the surgery is for. It can run from below the ear to the collarbone. Everything in the front of the neck on one side or on both sides may be removed. This may include the lymph nodes, blood vessels, nerves, and the salivary gland under the jawbone.

Do men get cancer of the breast? How serious is breast cancer in men?

Yes, but far less frequently. Because the disease is not thought of in the male, men often come for treatment in such an advanced stage that they have a poor outlook. One problem in diagnosis is that men of all ages can develop an enlargement of one or both breasts due to overgrowth of tissues beneath the nipple; some of these breasts are so enlarged that they simulate the small female breast. This conditions is, therefore, called gynecomastia, which means female breast. A benign condition, it is often seen associated with diseases of the liver or thyroid or just advanced age.

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