What is a radical neck dissection? when is it done?

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What is a radical neck dissection? The surgeon removes a block of tissue from the collarbone to the jaw and from the front to the back of the neck. The large muscle on the side of the neck that is used for rotating, flexing or extending the neck is also taken out, along with the major vein on the side of the neck. Sometimes, a less drastic operation, called a supraomohyoid neck dissection is done. This takes out only the lymph nodes, the tissue surrounding the nodes and a muscle at the front of the neck. Another technique, called a functional neck dissection, saves the muscles of the neck, taking out only the lymph nodes and tissues surrounding them.
What kind of incision is made with a radical neck dissection? The incision depends upon what the surgery is for. It can run from below the ear to the collarbone. Everything in the front of the neck on one side or on both sides may be removed. This may include the lymph nodes, blood vessels, nerves, and the salivary gland under the jawbone.

Can you take pills instead of insulin?

Can you take insulin in pill form?

Insulin is not available as a pill. It is a protein, and the stomach would digest it the way it digests a lamb chop. Insulin must be measured into a syringe and injected by needle. That's how every insulin dependent diabetic does it, except for the few who own a needleless injector that jet sprays it in.

The future may hold better news. Scientists are working to perfect an encapsulated insulin pill that can pass through the stomach without being digested. And, hear this: At the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, they have had success with insulin in suppositories. The question we have with this innovation is: would it really be all that much more convenient to, for example, insert an insulin suppository before dinner at a restaurant?

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