What is a radical neck dissection? when is it done?

Image
What is a radical neck dissection? The surgeon removes a block of tissue from the collarbone to the jaw and from the front to the back of the neck. The large muscle on the side of the neck that is used for rotating, flexing or extending the neck is also taken out, along with the major vein on the side of the neck. Sometimes, a less drastic operation, called a supraomohyoid neck dissection is done. This takes out only the lymph nodes, the tissue surrounding the nodes and a muscle at the front of the neck. Another technique, called a functional neck dissection, saves the muscles of the neck, taking out only the lymph nodes and tissues surrounding them.
What kind of incision is made with a radical neck dissection? The incision depends upon what the surgery is for. It can run from below the ear to the collarbone. Everything in the front of the neck on one side or on both sides may be removed. This may include the lymph nodes, blood vessels, nerves, and the salivary gland under the jawbone.

Can you have diabetes without symptoms?

How come I didn't have any symptoms of diabetes when my case was diagnosed?

You were one of the thousands of hidden diabetics people who have diabetes and don't realize it. You're one of the smart (or lucky) ones. You caught diabetes early by a urine or blood sugar test before it had done any real damage.

If you neglect your diabetes in the future, that's when you may begin to experience the classic symptoms of more advanced diabetes: excessive urination and thirst, increased appetite, rapid loss of weight, irritability, weakness and fatigue, and nausea and vomiting. These indicate ketoacidosis, which if untreated will lead to coma and ultimately to death. These are the symptoms that usually strike children and adolescents suddenly.

Most people who get diabetes between the ages of thirtyfive and sixty have a different set of symptoms, though they may also have any of the above. Generally, the warning signals for this age group are drowsiness, itching, blurred vision, tingling and numbness in feet, easy fatigue, skin infections, and slow healing. People of this age group often have two additional clues that diabetes may be in the offing: they are overweight and they have a family history of diabetes.

Comments

Popular Posts

Where does Melanoma most often metastasize?

Ejaculation and sexual life problems after prostate surgery

How to know if your ankle is broken? How is a broken ankle treated?

How painful is a bone marrow transplant for the donor

What is the symptoms of a head concussion? Is concussion a brain injury?

What are the most important side effects of taking female hormones?

How is a broken or cracked rib treated?

What is the difference between a radical mastectomy and modified radical mastectomy?

The most important difference between Hodgkin's disease and non-hodgkin's lymphoma

Common Hand Injuries: Treatment for swollen hand due to injury